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How To Care For Your Jewellery At Home - Cleaning Gemstones And Diamonds

A guide on how to care and clean your jewellery while at home. Top tips for all different gemstones and diamonds.

By Roxanne Hosier | 18th of April, 2018

How To Care For Your Jewellery

It is important to be vigilant when wearing your jewellery as even a subtle knock can damage the settings. It is best to remove your jewellery when carrying out household tasks such as washing and gardening, and not to use any household chemicals. We advise to not wear jewellery when swimming as Chlorine and salt-water can damage gemstones. It is recommended you remove your jewellery when using hairspray or moisturiser as these will dull your jewellery. A great way to protect your gemstones is to store them in a soft cloth bag.

Below are a list of popular Gemstones and details of how we feel is best to care for them and keep them looking at their best:


Temperatures that are either too hot or cold can change the color of your Amethyst jewelry. When the gemstone is left in temperatures that are too hot, it may turn yellow and when it is left in temperatures that are too cold, it may turn to a shade of smoky grey. The best way to effectively clean it is to use a soft bristled brush and warm water with mild liquid detergent to gently scrub away the residue, and it is best to keep your gemstone jewellery away from household cleaning products, which may contain harsh chemicals which can change the appearance or durability of the gemstone.


Take care to remove aquamarine jewellery while doing housework or gardening. Aquamarines may crack if they are subject to blows. Avoid excessive exposure to sunlight as aquamarines tend to become pale. Always take jewellery off before going swimming as the chlorine content of water hinders its sheen.


It is very important for a citrine not to be left in the sun, or to be in situations, for example sunbathing, where it will be exposed to prolonged sunlight or heat. Because of its sensitivity to heat, the stone’s colour could change and fade into a lighter colour. You can use any commercial jewellery cleaner or warm water (using a soft brush) to wash your citrine. Make sure you rinse and dry it thoroughly after cleaning it. You may also have the stone cleaned in an ultrasonic cleaner, however, steam cleaning is not recommended.


Diamonds naturally attract grease, so try not to touch it, or moisturise whilst wearing it. Hot water, lemon washing-up liquid and a toothbrush, will keep your diamond at its best. Store diamonds separate to other jewellery, as diamonds can scratch coloured gemstones. Be sure to have your jewellery checked every year, to ensure the settings are not worn.


Emeralds should never be cleaned with steam or any cleaning solution that contains petroleum distillates or any other organic solvent as most of these are not compatible with the oil treatment of Emeralds. Emeralds should not be placed in ultrasonic cleaning equipment at all either, and should not be exposed to high heat. Cleaning should be done no more frequently than is necessary and in most cases only a couple of times a year. As emeralds are brittle they are often soaked in a virgin olive oil or the like so the stone remains soft and oiled.


Peridot is harder than metal but softer than many gemstones. Store peridot jewellery with care to avoid scratches and protect from blows. Because peridot is sensitive to rapid changes in temperature, never have it steam cleaned and avoid ultrasonics. Clean with mild dish soap: use a toothbrush to scrub behind the stone where dust can collect.


Rubies are not affected by commercial solvents, so they can be used for cleaning the rubies effectively. A toothbrush dipped in warm soapy water is also more than enough to clean ruby jewellery. The bristles of the brush will remove the dirt lodged in the tiny crevices of the setting. You can also use a toothpick to clean off any remaining dirt. Avoid contact with harsh chemicals, since they can cause damage to the settings and mountings of your ruby.


The Sapphire is the second hardest natural mineral and because of this, sapphires can be cleaned in almost any way. The best choice is warm, soapy water and some use ultrasonic cleaners and steamers. If your sapphire has a fracture or is a star sapphire, do not use mechanical cleaning methods, sapphire can shatter with one single blow if hit sharply. Also do not use mechanical cleaning if your sapphire gemstone has inclusions because this weakens the crystal structure. Avoid heavy work or chemicals while wearing sapphire jewellery as it can damage settings. Store sapphire jewellery separately from softer gemstone jewellery because sapphire can scratch them.


All gemstones should be kept at room temperature because it is possible for them to change colour if they are in conditioners which are much too hot or too cold. Although Topaz is not a gemstone that is known to change quickly due to temperatures, it’s always best to keep it at room temperature. In order to prevent the jewellery from becoming damaged due to cleaning products that contain chemicals, be sure to take Topaz jewellery off before cleaning. This is especially important if you are using products that include chlorine as an ingredient.


Always use a mild soap while cleaning your Tourmaline jewellery at home. Remove the dirt and dust accumulated on your Tourmaline jewellery with a very soft brush with gentle strokes. Dry your Tourmaline jewellery with cotton, as it will soak the water content in it. Never let your Tourmaline jewellery dry in sun for a long duration or dry it with an electric hair dryer.

The very best way to care for your precious jewellery is to take it into your local jeweller for it to be specially cleaned in the right environment with the correct equipment.